Extreme severe cyclone storm Fani makes landfall near Puri in Odisha this morning around 8.25 AM. Wind speed during the landfall is measured around 145 -175 KMs per hour and is expected to increase upto 200 Kms per hour during the process of landfall.
According to the IMD, part of the cyclone eye lies over the land and the whole process of landfall may take two to three hours. A cyclone makes the maximum damage during landfall and it gradually slows down. The IMD predicts that the Cyclone Fani would continue with its damaging process for next four or five hours since landfall.
In meteorological terms a landfall is an action when a cyclone hits the land area originating from sea and travelling over the air.
In terms of magnitude, the Cyclone Fani is the most severe such storm since the Super Cyclone of 1999 when it almost damaged 80% of the entire coastal areas of Odisha and thousands of people, livestock lost their lives.
The state government of Odisha has put in place the best possible preventive as well as reactive measures to address the issues related to the cyclone. More than one million people have already been evacuated from the coastal areas as well as areas where cyclonic storm is expected to affect.
The government has also evacuated people from state capital Bhubaneshwar as it is just 60 kms away from Puri, the area where the cyclone makes its landfall. Around 60,000 people from Bhubaneshwar were evacuated, the government said.
The Cyclone Fani is expected to affect the entire coastal belt of Odisha affecting districts including Kendrapara, Jaipur, Jagatsinghpur and its impact will be seen in areas like Paradip, Rajnagar,Konark and Barhampur. The cyclonic storm would then take a north-ward direction and move towards West Bengal and Bangladesh. Heavy downpour is also expected in the above areas, the state meteorological department said.